Comprehension Exercises | The Book of Nature | Jawaharlal Nehru | Class 7 | Textual Question and Answer | Grammar | প্রশ্ন ও উত্তর

The Book of Nature | Jawaharlal Nehru | Textual Question and Answer | Grammar | প্রশ্ন ও উত্তর


The Book of Nature

The Book of Nature 

Jawaharlal Nehru 



Activity 1 


Underline the appropriate alternatives: 


(a) India is in fact a (big/ small/ huge) part of the earth's surface.


(b) Once upon a time the earth was too (cold/ dark/ hot) for any living being to survive. 

(c) Fossils are (a type of wild animal/ one kind of hard rock/ the remains of old living beings). 


Activity 2 

Answer the following questions in complete sentences: 


(a) What must we do to know about the tale of this world?

Ans. If we want to know something about the story of this world of ours we must think of all the countries and all the peoples that have inhabited it. 


(b) How old is our earth?

Ans. Our earth is very, very old-millions and millions of years old.


(c) Who roamed the earth before the arrival of human beings?

Ans. Before the arrival of human beings, there were only animals. 


Activity 3 

Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the text. The first letters of the words are given: 


(a) As a subject, history is quite interesting.

(b) We have good relations with our neighbouring country.

(c) Plants need air, water and sunlight to grow.

(d) Can you imagine how big the Universe is?

(e) You should study regularly if you want to be a good student. 



Activity 4 


Make meaningful sentences with the following words: 


(a) interest: It is a matter of great public interest.

(b) surface: Wipe the surface with a damp cloth.

(c) inhabited: The island is mainly inhabited by sheep.

(d) together: Birds of a feather flock together.

(e) scientist : Her mother was a brilliant scientist.


Activity 5 


Identify which of the following statements are True and which are False. Give a supporting statement for each of your answers. 


(a) Fairy tales are rich in imagination. (T) 

(b) We have no means to know about the far-off days. (F) 

(c) The alphabet of nature is like the Hindi or the English alphabet. (F)

(d) We can learn a lot about our world from the rivers and mountains. (T) 



Activity 6 


Complete the following sentences with information from the text: 


(a) No book could have been written in old times because men did not exist.

(b) To be able to read any language one has to learn its alphabet.

(c) A small pebble was definitely a part of a big rock or stone with plenty of edges and corners.

(d) On the beaches at the seaside, little children can play and make castles out of the sand. 


Activity 7 


Fill in the following chart with information from the text: 




1. Fairy tales need not be true. 

fairy tales are rich in imagination.

2. A piece of rock looks

different from a pebble.

rock has corners and rough edges.

3. A bit of rock from some mountain side reaches a little valley. 

Then came the rain and washed it down to the little 

4. All pebbles do not become sand. 

Somehow the river left the pebbles behind.



Activity 8 


Answer the following questions : 


(a) Which are the things around us that tell us about the earth's early tale? 

Ans. We have rocks and mountains and seas and stars and rivers and deserts and fossils of old animals. These and other like things are our books for the earth's early story. 


(b) Why does a pebble have a smooth surface? 

Ans. A pebble rolled at the bottom of the river and its edges were worn away and its rough surface made smooth and shiny. 


(c) How does a pebble become grains of sand? 

Ans. The river had carried it on, it would have become smaller and smaller till at last it became a grain of sand and joined its brothers at the seaside to make a beautiful beach where little children can play and make castles out of the sand. 


(d) What does the author mean by “The Great Book of Nature?"

Ans. The author means that one can know the history of the earth with the material lies in the earth within.



Activity 9 


Rearrange the sentences in the correct order by writing the numbers in the brackets. One is done for you:


(a) The rock is taken to a big river by the little river.(2)

(b) At last it is turned into grains of sand. (6)

(c) It becomes a pebble. (5)

(d) A bit of rock is pushed by a mountain stream into a little river. ( 1 )

(e) The pebble becomes smaller because it is carried on and on by the river. (4)

(f) The edges of the rock are worn away and its rough surface is made smooth. (3) 


Activity 10 


Match the words in Column A with their meanings in Column B. One is done for you: 







(a) the set of letters in a language 


2. merely

(b) top visible side


3. fortunately

(c) became damaged by use


4. alphabet

(d) only or just


5. surface 

(e) luckily 


6. worn 

(f) very interesting or charming 




Replace the inderlined words with suitable opposite words from the box. There are some extra words:-

hopeful, lost, add, left, ugly, late, sad, rough


(a) The man became famous in the early years of his life.

Ans. The man became famous in the late years of his life.


(b) She is looking very happy.

Ans. She is looking very sad.


(c) The trunk of this huge tree hass a smooth bark.

Ans. The trunk of this huge tree hass a rough bark.


(d) Jatin found his pencil box on his way to school.

Ans. Jatin lost his pencil box on his way to school.


(e) Smita learnt to subtract.

Ans. Smita learnt to add.




Read More ->->->->


The Book of Nature  Click Here

The Riddle  Click Here

The Beauty and the Beast   Click Here

We are Seven  Click Here

Uncle Podger Hangs a Picture  Click Here

The Vagabond  Click Here

Mowgli Among the Wolves  Click Here

The Story of Proserpine  Click Here

J. C. Bose: A Beautiful Mind   Click Here

The Echoing Green   Click Here

The Axe   Click Here

My Diary   Click Here

Ghosts on the Verandah   Click Here

Grammar   Click Here

Writing   Click Here

Model Question Click Here

Do Practice this Text, Questions and Answers yourself carefully. You will definitely score an excellent result.

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